Agostino Paravicini Bagliani (Ed.):
Longevity and Immortality. Europe - Islam - Asia.

Published by SISMEL - Edizioni del Galluzzo

Micrologus 26

A. Paravicini Bagliani, Introduction.
C. Crisciani, Death as a Destiny and the Hope of Long Life. The Latin Middle Ages.
D. Rossi, Faith or Fate? The Path towards Immortality according to the Tantric Traditions of Tibet.
D. Jacquart, Est-il possible et légitime pour un médecin médiéval de prévoir la longévité d'un patient?
J. Ziegler, Why did the Patriarchs Live so long? On the Role of the Bible in the Discourse on Longevity around 1300.
R. Scheuermann, "One will Quickly die!". Predictions of Death in Three Tibetan Buddhist Divination Manuals.
A. Paravicini Bagliani, The Prolongation of Life and its Limits. Western Europe, XIIIth-XVIth c.
C. Burnett, Natural Death and the Alleviation of Old Age in the Middle Ages.
J. Coste, La "Mort de Vieillesse" dans les statistiques de mortalité (XVIIe siècle - XXIe siècle): une catégorie problématique.
D. Kahn, Quintessence and the Prolongation of Life in the Works of Paracelsus.
M. Heiduk, A Quest for Longevity? A New Approach to the Earliest Testimonies of Medieval Alchemy.
M. Pastoureau, Longévité animale dans les traditions médiévales.
F. Santi, Teologie della resurrezione della carne (Sec. XIII-XIV).
A. Caiozzo, Rêves d'immortalité, trois rois, deux héros, un prophète.
M. Förg, The Centaur's Death: The Myth of Chiron and the Transfer of Immortality.
B. A. S. Dajani, Immortality Through Love in Classical Arab Literature.
B. Hendrischke, Modes of Avoiding Death in the Scripture on Great Peace.
D. Steavu, The Marvelous Fungus and The Secret of Divine Immortals.
F. Pregadio, Which is the Daoist Immortal Body?

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Josefina Rodríguez Arribas, Charles Burnett, Silke Ackermann (Eds.)
Astrolabes in Medieval Cultures

Published by Brill

Medieval Encounters, Vol. 23.

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Constance A. Cook:
Ancestors, Kings, and the Dao

Published by Harvard University Press

Harvard-Yenching Institute Monograph Series, Vol. 107.

Ancestors, Kings, and the Dao outlines the evolution of musical performance in early China, first within and then ultimately away from the socio-religious context of ancestor worship. Examining newly discovered bamboo texts from the Warring States period, Constance A. Cook compares the rhetoric of Western Zhou (1046-771 BCE) and Spring and Autumn (770-481 BCE) bronze inscriptions with later occurrences of similar terms in which ritual music began to be used as a form of self-cultivation and education. Cook's analysis links the creation of such classics as the Book of Odes with the ascendance of the individual practitioner, further connecting the social actors in three types of ritual: boys coming of age, heirs promoted into ancestral government positions, and the philosophical stages of transcendence experienced in self-cultivation.
The focus of this study is on excavated texts; it is the first to use both bronze and bamboo narratives to show the evolution of a single ritual practice. By viewing the ancient inscribed materials and the transmitted classics from this new perspective, Cook uncovers new linkages in terms of how the materials were shaped and reshaped over time and illuminates the development of eulogy and song in changing ritual contexts.

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Donald Harper and Marc Kalinowski (Eds.):
Books of Fate and Popular Culture in Early China. The Daybook Manuscripts of the Warring States, Qin, and Han

Published by BRILL

Handbuch der Orientalistik / Handbook of Oriental Studies, Section 4: China, Vol. 33.

Books of Fate and Popular Culture in Early China is a comprehensive introduction to the manuscripts known as daybooks, examples of which have been found in Warring States, Qin, and Han tombs (453 BCE-220 CE). Their main content concerns hemerology, or "knowledge of good and bad days." Daybooks reveal the place of hemerology in daily life and are invaluable sources for the study of popular culture. Eleven scholars have contributed chapters examining the daybooks from different perspectives, detailing their significance as manuscript-objects intended for everyday use and showing their connection to almanacs still popular in Chinese communities today as well as to hemerological literature in medieval Europe and ancient Babylon.

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Michael Lackner (Ed.):
Coping with the Future: Theories and Practices of Divination in East Asia

Published by BRILL

Sinica Leidensia 138

Coping with the Future offers insights into various techniques of divination, their evolution, and their assessment. The contributions cover the period from the earliest documents on East Asian mantic arts to their appearance in the present time. The volume reflects the pervasive manifestations of divination in literature, religious and political life, and their relevance for society and individuals. Special emphasis is placed on cross-cultural influences and attempts to find theoretical foundations for divinatory practices. This edited volume is an initiative to study the phenomena of divination across East Asian cultures and beyond. It is also one of the first attempts to theorize divinatory practices through East Asian traditions.

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Stefano Rapisarda in collaboration with Charles Burnett (eds.):
Textes médiévaux de scapulomancie

Published by Classiques Garnier

Scapulimancy, a divination technique that uses the shoulder blades of ruminants, dates back to the earliest times of agropastoral civilizations. This book presents a collection of scapulimantic texts in Greek, Arabic, Latin and Anglo-Norman.

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Constance A. Cook and Zhao Lu (eds.):
Stalk Divination. A Newly Discovered Alternative to the I Ching

Published by Oxford University Press

This book presents for the first time a full translation and analysis of a newly discovered bamboo divination manual from the fourth century BCE China, called the Stalk Divination Method (Shifa). It was used as an alternative to the better-known Zhouyi (popularly known as the I-Ching). The Shifa manual presents a competing method of interpreting the trigrams, the most basic elements of the distinctive sixty-four hexagrams in the Zhouyi. This newly discovered method looks at the combination of four trigrams as a fluid, changeable pattern or unit reflective of different circumstances in an elite man's life. Unlike the Zhouyi, this new manual provides case studies that explain how to read the trigram patterns for different topics. This method is unprecedented in early China and has left no trace in later Chinese divination traditions. Shifa must be understood then as a competing voice in the centuries before the Zhouyi became the hegemonic standard. The authors of this book have translated this new text and "cracked the code" of its logic. This new divination will change our understanding of Chinese divination and bring new light to Zhouyi studies.

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Patrick Henriet, Klaus Herbers et Hans-Christian Lehner (eds.):
Hagiographie et prophétie (VIe-XIIIe siècles).

Published by SISMEL - Edizioni del Galluzzo

Micrologus' Library 80

In hagiographical texts, the character of the saint is often merged with that of the prophet. Thus St. Anthony, St. Martin of Tours, and St. Benedict are sometimes also referred to as prophets. Athanasius, for example, writes about Anthony: "We neither ought to pray to know the future, nor to ask for it as the reward of our discipline" (Vita Antonii, 34). The prediction of future events is only one aspect of prophecy, however. When regarded in the sense of Augustine and Gregory the Great, it is rather generally "the ability to bring to light what is hidden." The link between prophecy and holiness that was often mentioned, has never been the subject of a particular volume. The studies presented here comprise a large number of texts and represent a collection of various dossiers which are united by a common issue.

Patrick Henriet, Quod recte prophetia dicitur. Introduction.
Marie-Céline Isaïa, La prophétie dans l'hagiographie latine du haut Moyen Âge (VIe-IXe siècle). L'histoire comme destin, prédestination et providence.
Edina Bozoky, La prophétie dans la Vie de Columba d'Adomnan.
Sumi Shimahara, Prophètes scripturaires et hagiographie à l'époque carolingienne.
Patrick Henriet, Espace et temps dans les visions cosmiques des saints.
Klaus Herbers, Vision et prophétie dans les vies et miracleshagiographiques comme signes de sainteté?
Uta Kleine, «Ce sont les mots que profère une langue nouvelle». Élisabeth de Schönau et le renouveau de la prophétie du XIIe siècle.
Laurence Moulinier-Brogi, Mystique sans frontières: un aperçu sur la circulation des textes hagiographiques et prophétiques au féminin en Europe.
Hans-Christian Lehner, L'hagiographie et la prophétie dans l'historiographie: la représentation de l'évêque Henri de Lübeck dans la chronique d'Arnold de Lübeck.
Jean-Marie Sansterre, Images, prédictions et présages à Byzance et dans l'Occident médiéval.
André Vauchez, Conclusions.

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Klaus Herbers, Hans-Christian Lehner (eds.):
Unterwegs im Namen der Religion II / On the Road in the Name of Religion II: Wege und Ziele in vergleichender Perspektive - das mittlelalterliche Europa und Asien / Ways and Destinations in Comparative Perspective - Medieval Europe and Asia

Published by Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden

Going on a pilgrimage is one of the oldest and at the same time most current kinds of mobility. Millions of people from different cultural areas set out every year. The departure to spiritual or sacred destinations is what unites the pilgrims of different epochs across religious borders – although their motivations and practices are different. A pilgrim does not go on a pilgrimage for religious motives alone since a pilgrimage is more than a religious practice. Political implications, anthropological dispositions, literary fiction and much more play a role. In the first volume, pilgrimages were regarded as a ritual and their motives were discussed. The authors of the second volume focus on the ways and destinations of pilgrimages: In addition to the question of the origin of the traditions, they also concentrate on the material, cultural, and metaphysical significance of those traditions. Consequently the sources which do not seem to be thematically relevant at first sight, offer new perspectives. Methods of cultural and literary studies as well as philological methods supplement the genuine historic approach.

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The Impact of Arabic Sciences in Europe and Asia

Published by SISMEL - Edizioni del Galluzzo

Micrologus XXIV

Ch. Burnett, On Judging and Doing in Arabic and Latin Texts on Astrology and Divination
D. Jacquart, Quelques propos introductifs: la confluence des sources grecques et arabes dans l'Occident médiéval latin. PRACTICAL SCIENCES.
J. Chandelier, Le concept de maladie chronique, des Grecs aux Arabes et des Arabes aux Latins
M. R. McVaugh, Why Rhazes?
M. Pereira, Projecting Perfection. Remarks on the Origin of the "Alchemy of the Elixir"
A. Djebbar, La circulation de l'algèbre arabe en Europe et son impact
M. Abattouy, The Corpus of Mechanics of Al-Isfizārī: its Structure and Signification in the Context of Arabic Mechanics. DIVINATION, MAGIC, ASTROLOGY.
D. Juste, The Impact of Arabic Sources on European Astrology: Some Facts and Numbers
J.-P. Boudet, Les comètes dans le Centiloquium et le De cometis du pseudo-Ptolémée
N. Weill-Parot, Devenirs de la magie astrale hermétique arabe dans le monde latin: signification "culturelle" d'une utilisation (XIIe - XVe siècle)
G. de Callataÿ, Who were the Readers of the Rasā'il Ikhwān al-Safā'?
M. Bagheri, Kūshyār ibn Labbān's Mathematical Approach in His Astronomical Handbook
Shi Yunli Zhu Haohao, Calculating the Fate of Chinese Dynasties with the Islamic Method: The Chinese Study and Application of Arabic Astrology in the 17th Century. RECEPTION AND ORGANIZATION OF KNOWLEDGE.
I. Ventura, Medieval Pharmacy and the Arabic Heritage: the Salernitan Collection Circa instans
V. Boudon-Millot, L'apport des traducteurs arabes dans le débat sur l'authenticité des traités galéniques
J.-M. Mandosio, The Use of al-Kindî's Treatise On Rays in Peter of Zealand's Elucidation of Marvelous Things (End of the 15th Century)
M. Yano, Eastern Perspective of the Conference
A.Paravicini Bagliani, Western Perspective of the Conference.
Indexes by D. Jacquart and A. Paravicini Bagliani

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Hans-Christian Lehner:
Prophetie zwischen Eschatologie und Politik: Zur Rolle der Vorhersagbarkeit von Zukünftigem in der hochmittelalterlichen Historiografie

Published by Franz Steiner Verlag, Mainz

Verfinsterungen von Sonne oder Mond, auffällige Sternbilder, Erscheinung von Kometen, schreckliche Gewitter, Sturmfluten und Überschwemmungen, Heuschreckenplagen und fliegende Würmer, Erdbeben, Seuchen etc.: die hochmittelalterlichen Geschichtsschreiber registrierten viele Phänomene, die sich als Anzeichen für Zukünftiges interpretieren ließen und ebenso wie die Berichte von Träumen und Visionen, Prophezeiungen, mirakulösen Begebenheiten und mantischen Praktiken den Lauf der Geschichte nach Gottes Plan verstehbar zu machen vermochten. Dies konnte die Ankunft des Antichrist und die letzten Tage ebenso betreffen wie Sorgen der großen Politik oder des einfachen Alltags. Sonderfälle entstehen bei Pluralität von Vorhersagen und Deutungen - etwa wenn ein historisches Ereignis unterschiedlich als zukunftsvorhersagend erkannt wird - sowie im Umgang mit falschen Propheten und falschen Prophezeiungen. In der vorliegenden Arbeit werden solche Textstellen für das 12. und 13. Jahrhundert analysiert und verglichen. Ausdrücklich zu würdigen ist die besondere Rolle des Geschichtsschreibers, seine Absichten, Interessen sowie sein Bildungshintergrund.

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Felicitas Schmieder (ed.):
Mittelalterliche Zukunftsgestaltung im Angesicht des Weltendes: Forming the Future Facing the End of the World in the Middle Ages

Published by Boehlau Verlag

Beihefte zum Archiv für Kulturgeschichte - 77

Gab es im europäischen Mittelalter eine "Zukunft"? Gestalteten die Menschen ihre eigene Zukunft und die ihrer Gesellschaft, oder ergaben sie sich angesichts der Unausweichlichkeit des kommenden Weltuntergangs in ihr Schicksal? Zweifellos bedeutete Zukunft im Mittelalter etwas anderes als in unserer modernen Welt, doch zeigt dieser Band, wie stark und in welcher Weise über die vor dem Ende noch verbleibende Zeit und ihre Nutzung nachgedacht wurde. Die Beiträge bewegen sich zwischen dem frühmittelalterlichen Irland und dem spätmittelalterlichen Hussitentum und beschäftigen sich mit Gegenwartsanalysen, Historiographie, Prophetie, Dichtungen, Bildwerken und Bibelkommentaren.

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Wiebke Deimann, David Juste (eds.):
Astrologers and their Clients in Medieval and Early Modern Europe

Published by Boehlau Verlag

Beihefte zum Archiv für Kulturgeschichte - 73

The contributions of the book examine the "realia" of astrological activity, a domain which has received little attention within in the field of the history of astrology in Medieval and Early Modern times. What can be said about the social and academic background of the astrologers? What kind of techniques and methods did they use and how can their general understanding of astrology be described? On the other hand, what did the clients expect and in which ways did the use astrological counselling for themselves? Addresses of astrological texts can be found in various sectors of the population. Therefore, general conclusions on the position of astrology in society can be drawn from the interconnections between astrologers, astrological practice and the recipients. All articles are in English.

Die Beiträge des Bandes nehmen mit der konkreten Ausgestaltung astrologischer Beratungspraxis einen bislang vernachlässigten Aspekt mittelalterlicher und frühneuzeitlicher Astrologiegeschichte in den Blick. Welche sozialen und akademischen Hintergründe hatten die Astrologen? Nach welchen Techniken und Methoden arbeiteten sie und wie war ihr Selbstverständnis? Welche Erwartungshaltung lässt sich - auf der anderen Seite - bei den Auftraggebern erkennen und wie gingen jene mit astrologischer Beratung um? Adressaten astrologischer Werke lassen sich in unterschiedlichsten Teilen der Bevölkerung ausmachen. Aus den Bezügen zwischen Astrologen, astrologischer Praxis und den Rezipienten ergeben sich daher implizit Aufschlüsse über die gesellschaftliche Bedeutung von Astrologie. Sämtliche Beiträge sind in englischer Sprache.

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Takashima, Ken'ichi:
A Little Primer of Chinese Oracle-Bone Inscriptions with Some Exercises

Published by Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden

Indispensable to the study of the history of Chinese religion, politics, agriculture, the calendar system, hunting, warfare, medicine, sacrificial and ritual practices, and other matters of life in China's first historical dynasty, these more than 130,000 pieces of inscribed turtle plastrons and bovine scapulas, though mostly fragmented ones, comprise more text in terms of number of characters than the combined transmitted traditional pre-Qín classical Chinese texts.

The material will be presented in three forms: normalized transcriptions of the texts into modern standard Chinese script, translations into English, and ink-squeezes or rubbings of the original texts. There is also a detailed linguistic and philological explanation of the text, plus an annotation, and commentary on the cultural and historical background of the material. No special background in analyzing grammar and syntax will be required to understand most, if not all, of the materials presented in this Little Primer.

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Chance, destin et jeux de hasard en Chine



  • Lisa Raphals: Debates about Fate in Early China
  • Stéphane Feuillas: Nature et destin dans la pensée de Zhang Zai (1020-1078) (Human Nature and Destiny in the Thought of Zhang Zai (1020-1078))
  • Andrea Bréard: Homo ludens mathematicus. La quantification du hasard dans les pratiques combinatoires en Chine (Homo ludens mathematicus: The Quantification of Chance in Combinatorial Practices in China)
  • Frédéric Constant: La législation sur les jeux d'argent à l'époque des Qing (The Legislation of Gambling in the Qing Dynasty)
  • Xavier Paulès: Les limites de l'influence du modèle de Las Vegas dans l'offre de jeux de hasard à Macao : apports d'une mise en perspective historique (The limits of the Influence of the Las Vegas Model in Gambling in Macao: Approaches from a Historical Perspective)
  • Stéphanie Homola: Le cas du "dragon chinois": légende, destin et chance autour d'un jeu divinatoire (The Case of "Chinese dragon": Legend, Destiny and Luck in a Divination Game)

Études chinoises, No. XXXIII-2 (2014)

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Klaus Herbers, Hans-Christian Lehner (eds.):
Unterwegs im Namen der Religion / On the Road in the Name of Religion: Pilgern als Form von Kontingenzbewältigung und Zukunftssicherung in den Weltreligionen / Pilgrimage as a Means of Coping with Contingency and Fixing the Future in the World's Major Religions

Published by Franz-Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart

Pilgerreisen zählen zu den ältesten und zugleich aktuellsten Formen der Mobilität. Millionen von Menschen machen sich jährlich auf den Weg, um spirituelle oder heilige Orte aufzusuchen. Dies können Gräber oder Wirkungsstätten von Heiligen und Propheten sein, heilige Berge und Flüsse oder Orte, an denen sich Wunder ereignet haben sollen. Das Pilgern als ein Phänomen, das sich in fast allen Religionen und Kulturen findet und das mit einer Vielzahl unterschiedlicher Rituale verbunden sein kann, hat viele Motive: von der auferlegten Pflicht zur Pilgerfahrt über die Heilserwartung bis zur Selbstfindung.

In einem vergleichenden Ansatz beschäftigen sich die Autorinnen und Autoren dieses Bandes mit dem Pilgern in den Weltreligionen und nehmen es als ein Ritual in den Blick, das nicht nur geografische, sondern auch kulturelle Entfernungen überwindet. Die Bedeutung des Weges wird dabei ebenso untersucht wie die Materialität der Stätten, die Rolle von Nähe und Ferne sowie die Regelmäßigkeit und die Inner- bzw. Äußerlichkeit des Pilgerns. Zentral ist weiterhin der Aspekt des Schicksals - denn wo die Unwandelbarkeit des Schicksals bezweifelt wird, kann Rekurs auf Strategien zu dessen Beeinflussung genommen werden.

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Between Science and Divination: Modes of Ordering the World. Workshop in Celebration of the 1000th Anniversary of the Birth of Shao Yong (January 21, 1012 - July 27, 1077), Friedrich-Alexander-Universität, Erlangen-Nürnberg, 20-21 January 2012.


Special Section in Monumenta Serica - Journal of Oriental Studies, Volume LXI

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Michael Lackner, Nikola Chardonnens (eds.):
Polyphony Embodied: Freedom and Fate in Gao Xingjian's Writings

Published by De Gruyter, Berlin

Like artists, important writers defy unequivocal interpretations. Gao Xingjian, winner of the Nobel Prize in literature, is a cosmopolitan writer, deeply rooted in the Chinese past while influenced by paragons of Western Modernity. The present volume is less interested in a general discussion on the multitude of aspects in Gao's works and even less in controversies concerning their aesthetic value than in obtaining a response to the crucial issues of freedom and fate from a clearly defined angle. The very nature of the answer to the question of freedom and fate within Gao Xingjian's works can be called a polyphonic one: thereare affirmative as well as skeptical voices. But polyphony, as embodied by Gao, is an even more multifaceted phenomenon. Most important for our contention is the fact that Gao Xingjian's aesthetic experience embodies prose, theater, painting, and film. Taken together, they form a Gesamtkunstwerk whose diversity of voices characterizes every single one of them.

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Stefano Rapisarda, Erik Niblaeus (eds.):
Dialogues among Books in Medieval Western Magic and Divination

Published by SISMEL

Proceedings of the Workshop "The Great Books of Medieval and Early Modern Divination (and Anti-Divination)", KHC Erlangen, 17 April 17 2012

The history of philosophy, like the history of literature - and at times even the history of science - can justifiably be defined as a "dialogue" between texts. Texts interact without regard to distances of time and space: they talk to one other, quote, refer to, hint, allude, comment, and remark. They can make tributes, acknowledgements, contradictions and confutations. In the history of Western divination, for example, we can find Ptolomeus in dialogue with Greek and "Oriental" traditions; Augustine dealing with the Pagan tradition via biblical authority and Christian doctrine; the Secretum secretorum in dialogue with Hermetic or pseudo-Hermetic traditions; Nicole Oresme's de divinacions in dialogue with Cicero's De divination, and so on. The papers delivered in the Erlangen Workshop wish attempt to explore a number of "canonical" texts on the subject of divination (and anti-divination), both as individual texts and in their intertextual connections.

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Michael Lackner:
Lang Mixie hanxue wenji 朗宓榭汉学文集

Edited by Xu Yan 徐艳
Published by Fudan daxue chubanshe 复旦大学出版社, Shanghai

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Florian Wagner:
Kunstkritik im China der Gegenwart: Diskurse - Medien - Akteure

Published by Projekt Verlag, Bochum

Die Kunstritik in China hat sich parallel zur dortigen zeitgenössischen Kunst rasant entwickelt. Parallel zur rasanten Entwicklung der zeitgenössischen chinesischen Kunst in den letzten 30 Jahren entfaltete sich in kaum vorstellbarer Geschwindigkeit der chinesische Kunstdiskurs. Beginnend mit den politischen und gesellschaftlichen Veränderungen nach dem Ende der Kulturrevolution, durchlebte die chinesische Gegenwartskunst einen unvorhersehbaren Erfolg, an dessen vorübergehendem Höhepunkt die Eingliederung als eines der wichtigsten Kunstphänomene der letzten Jahrzehnte in die internationale Kunstwelt stand. Diese Entwicklung und ihre Ausprägungen in der zeitgenössischen chinesischen Kunst stellen sich bei genauer Betrachtung als ungemein eng mit dem gesellschaftlichen Kontext ihrer Zeit verbunden heraus, sodass sie als Widerspiegelung der sie umgebenden, sich entfaltenden Geschichte der Volksrepublik China zum Ende des 20. und Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts verstanden werden können. Auf dieser grundlegenden Annahme und der daraus folgend relevanten Stellung des Phänomens der zeitgenössischen Kunst in China, versucht der Autor vor dem Hintergrund des historischen Kontextes den in der Kunstwelt geführten Diskurs, dessen Medien sowie dessen Akteure genauer zu beleuchten und ihren Wandel im Verlauf der Entwicklung vorzustellen.

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David Sehnal:
Kniha Laozi: Překlad s filologickým komentářem

Published by Filozofická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy, Praha

This publication represents an annotated translation of one of the most important Old Chinese philosophical texts, the Book of Laozi. The translation is based on detailed linguistic analysis of the text. The author has analyzed all of the cca 5000 words contained in the test and under each of them he presents his own understanding of its meaning and its syntactic function in the given context.

In the Prologue the author explains the basic methodological principles, renders the structure of the text and gives its short philosophical characteristics.

In the main part of the book, i.e. the translation with the philological notes, every chapter is introduced with a brief summary in which the author reveals its possible philosophical message. It is followed by the original Old Chinese text with marked rhyming words and its Czech translation which reflects the original in the closest possible manner. Next to it there is the philological commentary in which the author presents the results of his linguistic analysis in a transparent way.

The appendix of this publication is a vocabulary of the lexemes found in Laozi. The material obtained through the linguistic analysis is organized into head words and word clusters according to individual lexemes and their syntactic functions. The vocabulary is the first attempt of this kind as for the identification of Old Chinese lexemes by their syntactic paradigms.

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